Ok heres a little update on some of the varieties posted need to find more info on some of the others.
Bacorinho. Described and figured by Bobone (1932) as commonly grown at Loulé’,
Portugal. Figs turbinate; stalk short; skin green, with obscure violet tint; pulp carmine,
coarse; quality good.
Badalhouce. Described and figured by Bobone (1932). Breba crop especially good;
fruits large, pyriform, greenish yellow; pulp carmine; texture fine; quality very good.
Second-crop figs not described.
Belmandil. (syn. Cara Lisa). Described by Mello Leotte (1901). Name comes from
bello, “fine,” and mandil (roupa), “linen,” in reference to the texture of the skin.
Specimens collected at Loulé, Portugal, and described by Bobone (1932) under the name
Cara Lisa, were very similar, and probably identical to Belmandil.
Breba crop none; second crop requires caprification. Second-crop figs globular,
without neck, smooth; stalk short; color green tinged with violet; pulp carmine; flavor
sweet and agreeable; quality good.
Cachôpeiro Branco (probable synonyms are Lampo Branco, Vindimo Branco, Santa
Catarina, Roma Branco). Described by Mello Leotte (1901) and Bobone (1932);
illustrated also by the latter. Cachopo, described by Mello Leotte, may also be the
same, although he reported the second crop set fruit without caprification. Brebas
mature in Algarve from the middle of May to the end of June, while the second crop
ripens in the middle of August.
Brebas pyriform to turbinate, with thick neck and short stalk; color greenish yellow.
Second-crop figs oblate-spherical, without neck; pulp rosy chestnut; texture coarse;
Carvalhal. Described by Mello Leotte (1901). Name refers to a fig of the Carvalhal
estate. Tree producing abundantly first and second crops, the latter being artificially
Leaves 3-lobed, with violet stipules. Brebas large, pyriform; skin violet; pulp rosecolored.
Second-crop figs smaller, globose, of same color as brebas.
Castelhano Preto (syns. Euchário Preto, Castelhano da Rocha). Described by Mello
Leotte (1901) and Bobone (1932); the latter illustrates three different forms, as grown at
Cacela and Silves in Algarve.
Figs turbinate to pyriform; stalk up to 1/2 inch long; color dark violet; pulp dark
chestnut, coarse, sweet; quality good.
Castelhano Branco (syn. Euchário Branco). See account by Mello Leotte (1901), and
description with illustrations by Bobone (1932). The former states that the word
euchário is from the archaic eucha, “chest,” and caixa “case”; i.e., “fig of the case.” He
also gives Euchário Preto as a synonym; but Bobone points out distinctions in size,
color, and flavor. Both require caprification and produce a second crop only.
Castelhano figs are turbinate, rounded at apex; color green, obscurely tinted
chestnut; pulp carmine; flavor agreeable; quality fair. Season medium. According to
Mello Leotte, these figs, properly matured, are unrivaled in quality, and bring high
prices in the market.
Comadre. Regarded by Eisen (1901) as the best white drying fig of southern
Portugal. The term “comadre,” however, commonly designates a grade of dried figs,
and not any distinct variety.
Cótigo (syn. Cótio Tinto). Described and figured by Bobone (1932), who stated that
Mello Leotte (1901) regarded this variety as a mutation of Cótio, producing colored
rather than green figs. Second-crop figs green, with violet spots; stalk medium; pulp
carmine; texture coarse; quality good.
Cótio (syn. Malaguenho Branco). Described by Mello Leotte (1901) and Bobone
(1932)—the latter with illustrations—as the most important commercial variety of
Algarve. The orchards of Lameira are composed almost wholly of Cótio trees. At
Cacela, it is known as Malaguenho Bravo.
Breba crop none. Second-crop figs medium, turbinate; neck short and thick or none;
stalk short; color green; pulp carmine; texture coarse. Quality good, especially for
Dois à Fôlha. Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932) as a common Portuguese
fig, so named because two figs appear in the axil of each leaf. Figs are globular, with
short stalk and greenish-yellow skin.
Lampeira (syns. Portoghese, Lampas, Figue des Confiseurs). Described and
illustrated by Gallesio (1817), Gasparrini (1845, as Ficus pachycarpa var. lusitanica),
Pasquale (1876), Mello Leotte (1901), Eisen (1901), Simonet et al. (1945), Tamaro (1948),
and Baldini (1953); the last with illustration of leaf and brebas. It is also figured by
Tamaro. According to Gallesio, this variety was very common in Tuscany, especially at
Florence, and was figured as No.17 under the name Lampas Portoghese. Eisen praised
it highly by stating: “What the White San Pedro is for Andalusia in producing the
luscious brebas, the Lampeira is for southern Portugal.” It is probably this same variety
which Bobone (1932) described and illustrated as Figo Burro, with the following
synonyms: Burro, Gentio, Roma Preto, Bispo, Cachôpeiro Preto, Bacalar Preto, Lampo
Preto, and Vindimo Preto. Lampeira was once introduced into California, probably as
P.I. No. 18,871, and fruited at Niles, but no later records of its occurrence or behavior in
this state are available. The following description is after that of Simonet.
Tree moderately vigorous. Leaves small; deeply 3-lobed.
Brebas large, about 3-1/2 inches long and 2-1/2 inches broad, pyriform, with
prominent neck and medium stalk; average weight 102 grams; eye large, open, scales
violet; color greenish yellow, tinged with violet on sunny side; skin glossy, rather thick;
meat thin, white; pulp rosy amber, with violet shade toward the eye; seeds rather
numerous. Quality excellent; appearance fine.
Second-crop figs medium or below, about 2 inches long and 1-1/2 inches broad,
pyriform, with short, thick neck; eye partly open, scales rosy; skin delicate, checking at
complete maturity, green flushed with violet; pulp deep red; seeds small. Second crop
negligible without caprification.
Moscatel Branco (syn. Pingo de Mel). Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932) as
a Portuguese variety, not grown commercially, but widely distributed in Algarve. The
name Pingo de Mel, “honey-drop,” is sometimes given because of the honeylike gum
which exudes from the eye. The trees generally produce two crops.
Breba crop small; fruits pyriform, with short, thick neck and short stalk; color
yellowish green; pulp red, with traces of violet.
Second crop heavy; figs pyriform to spherical; skin smooth, somewhat puberulent;
color dark green; pulp red; texture fine; quality very good.
Moscatel Preto (syn. Bêbera). Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932). Known as
Moscatel Preto at Coimbra, and Bêbera at Cacela and on the island of Madeira.
The tree produces two crops. Mello Leotte (1901), on the other hand, described
Bêbera as a variety which does not produce a first crop, and the second crop as
Brebas oblique-pyriform, sometimes much elongated; neck thick; stalk short; color
violet-black; pulp dark carmine, streaked with violet; flavor sweet and agreeable.
Second-crop figs pyriform, elongated specimens unusual in having the internal cavity
narrowed at the base rather than rounded; stalk short; color green toward the stalk,
Passanudo. Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932). Second-crop figs medium,
turbinate or oblate; stalk very short; skin yellowish green, smooth, dull, commonly
checking when mature; pulp carmine, coarse, of agreeable flavor; quality good.
Rebanquio. Described and figured by Bobone (1932) as a pyriform, green fig, with
red pulp of good quality.
São Luiz. Described and illustrated by Mello Leotte (1901) and Bobone (1932) from
specimens grown at Loulé’. Second-crop figs turbinate, with short, thick neck and short
stalk; skin thin, of fine texture; color violet-black; pulp light red; quality very good.
Sopa e Vinho. Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932) as a Portuguese variety,
producing one crop only at Cacela in late August and early September. Figs medium,
turbinate, with short, thick neck; stalk short; color green, tinged with violet; pulp
carmine; texture fine; quality good.
Três um Prato. Described and illustrated by Bobone (1932) Collected in Algarve, and
believed to be of the Smyrna type. Figs medium, pyriform, with prominent neck; skin
greenish yellow, smooth, sometimes checking; pulp rose-colored; flavor agreeable;
Urjal (syns. Capa Rôta, Branco). Described by Mello Leotte (1901) as Urjal, a
corruption of the word argel, signifying “soft”; i.e., fig of the soft skin. Described and
illustrated by Bobone (1932) as Capa Rôta, with synonyms as above.
This Portuguese variety has two crops.
Breba crop small; fruits large, pyriform, green; pulp amber. Second-crop figs below
medium, turbinate, without neck; stalk medium; pulp coarse in texture, amber; quality
Verdeal. Described by Mello Leotte (1901) and Bobone (1932), the latter with
illustrations. A Portuguese variety, producing a good second crop in August. Figs
medium, short-pyriform to oblate, with or without short, thick neck; stalk short; color
dark green; pulp carmine; quality fairly good.